Innovent Biologics (Suzhou) Co.,
Ltd., based in China, signed an agreement
on January 13, 2020 that allows Coherus Biosciences to commercialize its
bevacizumab biosimilar when approved by Canadian and American regulators. The
investigational agent is known as IB1305 at present.
Recently completing a phase 3 trial with Chinese patients,
Innovent will need to gather the necessarily analytic comparison data for US
approval. In its press release, Coherus believes that an FDA submission could
be possible in late 2020 or early 2021, based on the Chinese data.
A phase 1 study was listed in ClinicalTrials.gov,
which had an estimated completion date of 2017, but there has not been an
update to this information. Coherus stated that “The Company anticipates
completing a single dose pharmacokinetic clinical study and certain
analytical/bioanalytical exercises to support the U.S. filing.” This could mean
that a new phase 1 study will be undertaken. Coherus also indicated that it
will handle the biologic licensing application process in the US and subsequent
marketing in the US and Canada.
Additionally, the press release announced that Innovent’s
biosimilar rituximab candidate (IB1301) may also be part of this deal. In June
2019, Innovent filed for approval with the Chinese drug regulatory authorities.
According to the terms of the agreement, Coherus has an option to commercialize
this agent in North America. IB1301 has been subject to oncology testing in
China patients (not to treat autoimmune disorders).
This agreement is significant for Coherus, which is trying
to build upon its success in launching the pegfilgrastim biosimilar Udenyca®
in the US. Innovent’s biosimilars represent a new oncology pipeline
for Coherus in the US and Canada, which already includes two
anti-TNF inhibitors (adalimumab and etanercept), and two ophthalmology
biosimilars (although aflibercept is still in preclinical development).
On November 19, Samsung Bioepis announced
that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had accepted its 351(k) application
for its bevacizumab biosimilar SB8. This would be the company’s second biosimilar
submission for treating cancer.
Samsung’s trastuzumab biosimilar was approved early in 2019, and it awaits marketing in a crowded market. SB8 would compete with the reference product Avastin® and two approved biosimilars (so far).
The biologic licensing application is supported by a
phase 3 clinical trial of the agent in nonsquamous non–small cell lung
cancer, in which patients received either the biosimilar or reference product
in addition to paclitaxel and carboplatin. The trial resulted in no clinically
relevant outcomes differences between patient groups.
If approved, SB8 would be marketed by Merck in the US. An
FDA decision is expected in Q4 2020.
At an earnings call this week, Pfizer’s CEO highlighted the
impending launches of Ruxience®
not long after the previously announced launch of Zirabev®
(bevacizumab) at the end of this year.
The New York–based pharmaceutical manufacturer plans to
begin marketing Ruxience in January 2020, and Trazimera February 15, 2020. This
would make Pfizer first to market with a Rituxan® competitor. Pfizer
follows Amgen to market with Trazimera, as Kanjinti®
launched in July this year.
On the call, Albert Bourla, PhD, indicated that the
company’s infliximab biosimilar (Inflectra®) had grown 8% for the
third quarter of 2019 over the same quarter in 2018 (to $77 million). Inflectra’s
marketshare in the US still remains below 10%, according to IQVIA.
The partnership of Amgen and Allergan made a huge splash in the biosimilar market by announcing the simultaneous US launches of the first two biosimilars of anticancer monoclonal antibodies. The agents Kanjinta® (trastuzumab-anns) and Mvasi® (bevacizumab-awwb) were officially made available July 18.
The move occurred almost simultaneously with a court denial
of Genentech’s request for a restraining
order against Amgen. For Amgen, this marks the first two biosimilars to
The launch discounts associated with these two agents is only 15% off of average wholesale price (AWP), but the manufacturers point out that is still significantly below the average selling price (ASP) of the two reference drugs—13% lower than that for Herceptin® and 12% lower than that for Avastin®. This pricing does not include potential rebates or discounts that could further reduce the net costs of these biosimilars.
The launch timing raises the question of when the
FDA-approved biosimilar competition will be launched. Other biosimilars in the
trastuzumab space have signed
licensing agreements with Genentech, the maker of Herceptin. Their launch
dates have not been disclosed. Several biosimilar makers have also signed
licensing agreements with Genentech on their versions of Avastin, and their
launch dates may be upcoming as well.
Assuming the licensing agreements compel the other
manufacturers to pay some percentage of sales or profits to Genentech, this
could give Amgen/Allergan an automatic edge in profitability. It is unknown
whether the launch timing of Mvasi and Kanjinti, have any implications for the
existing licensing agreements. For example, it may be possible that an early
launch by an unlicensed competitor could negate specific clauses of these
The bevacizumab biosimilar class progress had stagnated
through court proceedings and licensing agreements. In a post from January
2019, we had noted that Amgen had notified the court that it was prepared to
launch as early as
On the trastuzumab side, Amgen/Allergan’s product was the most
recently approved biosimilar (in June 2019).
joint press release, they quoted Paula Schneider, CEO of the Susan G. Komen
Breast Cancer Foundation. “The introduction of biosimilars is an important
step in increasing options for treating HER2-positive breast cancers, which
account for about 25% of all breast cancers,” she said. “As patient
advocates, we are working to ensure that patients are educated about
biosimilars and understand that these FDA-approved treatments are just as
effective as the original biologic drugs.”
On June 28, 2019, Pfizer announced that it had received Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of Zirabev™ (bevacizumab-bvzr), a biosimilar version of Roche’s Avastin®.
Based on the evidence provided by Pfizer, including its phase
3 trial comparing it to the EU-licensed version of Avastin, the FDA
approved Zirabev for five cancer indications, including:
Advanced, metastatic, or recurrent nonsquamous
non–small cell lung cancer
Metastatic colorectal cancer
Metastatic renal cell carcinoma
Metastatic cervical cancer
This approval does not include ovarian cancer, which is an
additional indication for Avastin. Belonging to a class of biologics called
vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors, these agents work by
preventing new development of a tumor’s blood vessels, helping to choke off growth.
Zirabev’s approval marks the 21st FDA approved biosimilar
agent and the second approval for a bevacizumab biosimilar. Mvasi®,
to be manufactured by the partnership of Amgen and Allergan, obtained approval
in September 2017. However, this product is not yet marketed.
At a recent annual meeting of the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy,
drug pipeline expert expressed hope that Mvasi would be launched in July of
this year. Its manufacturer has been embroiled in patent litigation with Roche,
but the key patents are expected to expire in the immediate future.
Pfizer has not announced a launch date for Zirabev. Yet, it
could be the second cancer-treating biosimilar category to enter competition (with
biosimilars) very shortly.
occasion, we profile some biosimilar manufacturers about whom our readers may
not be familiar. This generally refers to companies that have products that are
in earlier-stage research or those who simply have not been in the news as
often as their colleagues. In this post, we highlight a Guangzhou, China–based company,
Established in 2003, Bio-Thera Solutions “is dedicated to
researching and developing innovative and biosimilar therapeutics for the
treatment of cancers, autoimmune, cardiovascular diseases, and other serious
medical conditions.” It claims several biosimilar and innovative therapies in
its pipeline. According to its website, Bio-Thera’s leadership team members
spent extensive time in the US. The CEO and Founder Shengfeng Li was also a
founder of a California company Abmaxis, which was acquired by Merck, and
worked at COR Therapeutics, which became part of Milennium. Chief Medical
Officer Li Zhang worked for eight years at the Food and Drug Administration’s
Center of Drug Evaluation and Research.
Why you may be hearing more about
this company: Bio-Thera
has advanced one of its key molecules, a biosimilar of bevacizumab (reference
product, Avastin®) into a phase 3 study
against EU-licensed Avastin. The company’s objective is to file a 351(k)
application for this product, BAT-1706, with the US FDA and the European
Medicines Agency in 2020.
The company announced a new partnership with Mumbai, India-based Cipla Ltd, to market this product in emerging markets. It is not yet known whether Bio-Thera intends to partner with another organization to market in North America or attempt to build its own sales structure.
products in research and development include an adalimumab biosimilar
(BAT-1406), for which an application for approval has been filed for the
Chinese market, and a phase 1 tocilizumab (Actemra®) biosimilar
(BAT-1806) for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. The company’s information
does not indicate whether either of these products will be targeted for the US market.
In a 2018 press
release, Bio-Thera indicated that biosimilars of secukinumab
(Cosentyx®), golimumab (Simponi®), and ustekinumab (Stelara®)
were also in the pipeline. Regardless of the success of its bevacizumab and
adalimumab biosimilars, the company seems to be well-aligned to address patent
expirations of next-generation biologics.
In other biosimilar news…Regulatory Focus reported Pfizer’s announcement that the drug maker has reevaluated its biosimilar drug pipeline. It has dropped plans to develop 5 biosimilars in preclinical development. The products themselves were not disclosed and were not listed in earlier available version of Pfizer’s drug pipeline. Five other biosimilars in clinical development will continue moving forward, according to the company. This does not affect biosimilars already approved by the FDA. No reason for the decision was given, other than that this was part of an “R&E investment review.”
Embroiled in patent litigation, the
partnership of Amgen and Allergan have waited for the opportunity to launch
Mvasi® since September 2017. During this time, the competition has
not been stagnant, with Pfizer moving towards an FDA decision. The next 6 months
may prove critical, but when will providers, patients, and payers have access
to Avastin® biosimilars? That may be based more on guesstimates than
WHAT DO WE KNOW?
(1) Amgen and Allergan received its FDA approval for Mvasi (bevacizumab-awwb) September 17, 2017. The approval covered all of the reference product’s indications. The drug was approved for use by the European Medicines Agency in January 2018.
(2) In court
documents filed during its patent battle with Genentech, Amgen had
originally stated that it planned to begin marketing Mvasi once the last 8
patents it considered valid expired on December 18, 2018.
(3) Amgen then revised this potential launch
date, according to the court filing, saying that it could launch several months
earlier, on April 5, 2018.
(4) In either case, the launch has not
occurred. According to the Purple
Book, Avastin was first approved by the FDA February 26, 2004. That is
approximately 15 years, and counting.
(5) The US District Court handling
the litigation is expressing impatience
with the back and forth between the two parties (read the Judge’s concluding
remarks). A trial court date was set for June
(6) Pfizer completed its phase 3 trial for PF-06439535 in
nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer and filed for FDA approval in August
2018. An FDA decision is expected in the second quarter of this year.
(7) In November 2018, Boehringer Ingelheim completed its phase 3 trial in lung cancer for BI 695502.
(8) Samsung Bioepis completed its phase 3 trial in lung cancer in October 2018 (compared with EU-licensed Avastin).
So much for what we know. Here are some things we know less well.
At a drug pipeline update at the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy in October 2018, Express Scripts’ Aimee Tharaldson, PharmD, Senior Clinical Consultant—Emerging Therapeutics, offered a projected launch date of July 2019. In an E-mail communication with Biosimilars Review & Report, Dr. Tharaldson clarified that this estimate was based on the anticipated expiration of a key patent on Avastin that month.
When we contacted a senior Amgen executive, he
stated that the company declined to discuss potential launch dates.
Goodwin’s Big Molecule
Watch, which keeps a close eye on biosimilar-related patent litigation,
does not list any ongoing suits between Genentech and Pfizer or Boehringer
Ingelheim regarding Avastin (which may be surprising in itself).
We would anticipate that Pfizer will launch as soon as feasible, if they receive an FDA approval by June. Pfizer has an established record of moving their biosimilars quickly to market (e.g., Inflectra® [with Celltrion], Retacrit®, and Nivestym®).
Samsung Bioepis has not yet revealed their plans around an FDA filing for their investigational biosimilar of bevacizumab.
Boehringer had not yet filed a 351(k) application for approval of BI 695502. Comments by Molly Burich, Director, Public Policy: Biosimilars and Pipeline, in our interview last Fall, made it clear that the company is laser focused on bringing its adalimumab biosimilar (Cytelzo®) to market. In fact, this bevacizumab biosimilar was no longer posted on their pipeline at that time.
WHAT WE FOUND OUT
Today, Susan Holz, Director, Communications, Specialty Care, confirmed that the company decided that this agent was not in its strategic plans and it simply allowed the study to be completed. She said, “Boehringer Ingelheim made the decision to terminate all activities related to the BI 695502 program, a biosimilar candidate to Avastin. It is important to note that this decision was not based on any safety or efficacy findings with the investigational medicinal product BI 695502. Boehringer Ingelheim continuously evaluates our business portfolio and assesses potential strategic partnerships to help enhance our pipeline and development capabilities.”
Perhaps several of these unknowns will be
resolved by the end of July, and the clouds will lift a bit. I suspect at that
time, we’ll be much closer to biosimilar access for this biologic, which racked
billion worldwide in sales in 2017.
A couple of noteworthy pieces of news have emerged from across the pond on the biosimilar front. The first involves progress for Amgen’s application for its bevacizumab biosimilar at the European Medicines Agency (EMA). Its drug evaluation arm, the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use, recommended approval of the biosimilar on November 9.
Assuming EMA final approval is received, however, Amgen and Allergan’s cancer treatment agent will not be marketed any time soon. The principal European patent is not set to expire until 2022.
In the US, Mvasi™ was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in September, but its launch is similarly delayed by patent litigation. The main US patents should expire in 2019 (Roche claims to hold 27 enforceable patents). Amgen had filed suit October 6 challenging the validity of the patents in question, but this case may not be heard until late 2018. Amgen has the option of launching “at-risk,” but it has not indicated that it will go this route. Otherwise, the earliest launch may be sometime in 2019.
In other related news…An announcement will be made on November 20 regarding where the EMA will relocate its headquarters as a result of the Brexit. The Agency will need to complete its move by March 31, 2019, when Britain’s divorce from the European Union is finalized.
The Food and Drug Administration announced today the approval of the first biosimilar for Roche’s Avastin®. The approval of Mvasi™ (bevacizumab-awwb) represents the first biosimilar approved in the US for the direct treatment of cancer. Amgen is partnered with Allergan in the development and marketing of the new biosimilar.
Its approved indications include:
Metastatic colorectal cancer, in combination with intravenous 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy for first- or second-line treatment. Mvasi is not indicated for the adjuvant treatment of surgically resected colorectal cancer.
Metastatic colorectal cancer, in combination with fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan- or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy for the second-line treatment of patients who have progressed on a first-line bevacizumab product-containing regimen. Mvasi is not indicated for the adjuvant treatment of surgically resected colorectal cancer.
Non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer, in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel for first line treatment of unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic disease.
Glioblastoma with progressive disease following prior therapy, based on improvement in objective response rate. No data is available demonstrating improvement in disease-related symptoms or survival with bevacizumab products.
Metastatic renal cell carcinoma, in combination with interferon alfa.
Cervical cancer that is persistent, recurrent, or metastatic, in combination with paclitaxel and cisplatin or paclitaxel and topotecan.
Like Avastin, Mvasi will carry a black box warning involving gastrointestinal perforations, surgery and wound healing problems, and severe or fatal hemorrhage.
The FDA’s Oncology Advisory Committee had unanimously recommended approval of the agent. No announcement was made by Amgen as to pricing or availability of the new product.
It was a good day for biosimilar manufacturers and a bad day for Roche and its Genentech unit. Following a broadly positive FDA staff review of the first products to directly treat tumors, the Food and Drug Administration’s Oncology Drug Advisory Committee took the expected step of unanimously recommending approval for agents from Amgen and Mylan.
In the morning session, Amgen and Allergan’s ABP-215 was convincingly presented as equivalent to Roche’s bevacizumab (Avastin®), based on pharmacologic, pharmacokinetic, efficacy, and safety evaluations. Clinical studies were performed in patients with non–small cell lung cancer. The Advisory Committee voted 17-0, recommending approval of the drug for all of the originator product’s nonprotected indications:
As first- or second-line treatment of patients with metastatic carcinoma of the colon or rectum in combination with intravenous 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy
Combined with fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan- or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy, for the second-line treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who have progressed on a first-line ABP 215-containing regimen
As first-line treatment of unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel
For the treatment of glioblastoma with progressive disease in adult patients following previous therapy as a single agent
For the treatment of metastatic renal-cell carcinoma in combination with interferon alfa
In combination with paclitaxel and cisplatin or paclitaxel and topotecan for the treatment of persistent, recurrent, or metastatic carcinoma of the cervix
Several questions brought up by the Committee involved the glioblastoma indication, and the drug’s passage over the blood–brain barrier. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy was also mentioned, but this did not deter the Committee from its unanimous vote.
Amgen did not apply for approval for Avastin’s other orphan indications, which are “protected,” according to FDA. If they did want to obtain approval for those, an additional data package would need to be submitted.
Immunogenicity studies did not reveal any material differences between the biosimilar and originator product. In a minor twist, Amgen did the clinical testing of its biosimilar against the EU-licensed version of Avastin, and it had to conduct bridging studies to demonstrate the similarity between the EU version and the US-licensed originator drug.
In the day’s second session, Mylan’s MYL-1401O, a biosimilar version of Roche’s Herceptin (trastuzumab), was evaluated. The totality of evidence, according to the FDA staff review documents, supported the 351(k) application by Mylan. The Advisory Committee agreed, voting 16-0 to recommend the biosimilar for approval for use in Herceptin’s indications:
For use as adjuvant treatment of HER2 overexpressing node- positive or node-negative (ER/PR negative or with one high risk feature) breast cancer (1) as part of a treatment regimen consisting of doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and either paclitaxel or docetaxel; (2) with docetaxel and carboplatin; or (3) as a single agent following multimodality anthracycline-based therapy
In combination with paclitaxel for first-line treatment of HER2-overexpressing metastatic breast cancer
As a single agent for treatment of HER2-overexpressing breast cancer in patients who have received one or more chemotherapy regimens for metastatic disease
In combination with cisplatin and capecitabine or 5- fluorouracil, for the treatment of patients with HER2 overexpressing metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma who have not received prior treatment for metastatic disease.
The FDA usually accepts the recommendation of its Advisory Committees in issuing final decisions. However, in late June, the agency rejected Pfizer’s Retacrit despite a 14–1 Advisory Committee vote to recommend, based on potential problems at a manufacturing facility. Mylan’s manufacturing partner Biocon, has recently been cited by French inspectors in connection with its European approval application, for potential problems at its Bangalore plant.
A final FDA decision is expected for Amgen’s bevacizumab biosimilar by September 14, and for Mylan’s trastuzumab biosimilar by September 3.